This table is intended to be used as a guide only. Individual cases should be read if they are to be relied upon.
Knowingly concerned in import
More than courier, if not principal. Recruited two accomplices.American
national – would be deported at end of sentence
over 1.5kg (pure)
FT 4y 9m
Courier. US national.Assistance to authorities.
Kogelbauer(31)(1992) 65 A Crim R 357
8y 6mNPP 6y
AD“Sentence towards top of the range”.
Purchased drugs in Amsterdam intending to sell in Australia. Heavily addicted
to cocaine. Not part of an organisation: working alone.Admitted importation
at airport. Good subjective features.
Approx 1.25kg (pure) – see Leff (1996) 86 A Crim R 212
7yNPP 5y 4m
AA4y 9mNPP 3y 6m
Imported cocaine strapped to body. Was to deliver cocaine then wait for money
to exchange into $US. Assisted in preparing and packing drugs. Regarded as more
than a mere courier.Considerable and valuable assistance.
Arabi(39)NSW CCA 23.4.1993
Need not greed
Arrested at airport with drugs internally concealed. No assistance.
8y 6mNPP 5y
Courier from US.
AD(middle of appropriate range)
Arrested at airport importing drugs internally from Colombia. Offers of
assistance worthless.Naive with intelligence at lower range. Used by others.
Arrested at airport. Courier. Minimal assistance. Previously visited
Australia on reconnaissance mission.American national – Parity
Leff(56)(1996) 86 A Crim R
2 x Knowingly concerned in import
1.25kg (pure)1.25kg (pure)
13y 4mNPP 8y 6m
Involved in America at level close to full principal. Criminality little less
than K.Female offender with seriously ill husband in America. No family
support in Australia.
Lopez-Alonso(1996) 86 A Crim R 270
Co-offender brought in cocaine in scuba tank - Controlled delivery to
appellant - Recruited courier to act on behalf of anotherAssistance to
8yNPP 4y 6m
Accompanied co-offender, both carrying drugs - Courier.
ImportKnowingly concerned in import
834g (pure)719g (pure)
6y 6mNPP 4y
A and wife imported cocaine in shoes. Expected to receive $10,000.
Participated in controlled delivery, and two people arrested.
3y 6mNPP 2y(assistance)
Cocaine found in two bags. Financial gain only.Issue on appeal was parity
only.Female from America.
Knowingly concerned in importation
8yNPP 4y 8m
AA7y 6mNPP 4y 8m
Controlled delivery of shoes containing cocaine. Just above
courier.Failure to give discount for assistance and to take into account
prior good character. Venezuelan.
Crowdey(39)NSW CCA 5.3.1999
2y 6mNPP 1y 6m
Crown AA4yNPP 2y 6m
Police seized 37.9g cocaine following controlled delivery to A. Principal
local distributor to established small network of users. Made personal profit.
Received 10 envelopes over 15 months. Total value over $100,000.Under
powerful influence of co-offender. Psychiatric condition.
Blanco(22)(1999) 106 A Crim R 303
AA10y 6mNPP 7y(delay in charging)
Well above courier - Recruited co-offender to bring in drugs from Bolivia.
Ocampo- CampuzanoNSW CCA 2.7.1999
Courier. Drugs found in bottom of suitcase.Colombian citizen. Family
overseas threatened by principal.
Cajuires(52)NSW CCA 10.9.1999
8y 6mNPP 6y 6m
AA7yNPP 4y 6m
Courier. Drugs found in lining of backpack. Guatemalan living in USA.
Acosta(55)NSW CCA 22.10.1999
Courier. Arrived from Argentina with liquor bottle filled with
cocaine.Financial troubles - supporting wife and five children. Colombian.
Quansah(31)NSW CCA 31.3.2000
4y 8mNPP 2y 6m
Crown AA6yNPP 4y
Drugs found in wooden statue. Judge rejected claim drugs for personal use but
accepted drug addiction. Dealt with as principal - organised purchase of drugs
in South America and intended to use some cocaine and sell the rest.
Toro-Martinez(2000) 114 A Crim R 522
3y 6mNPP 2y
Crown AA6yNPP 3y
Became involved late in importation. Involved in meetings and assisted
chemist employed to extract cocaine. Assistance not vital to offence.
Contreras-OrtizNSW CCA 11.8.2000
Received cocaine hidden in projector sent from Buenos Aries. Relatively
senior level of involvement.
DLH(52)NSW CCA 1.9.2000
Cocaine imported as paste in audio tape reels - Package addressed to
respondent’s business - To receive $12,000 - Low in criminal hierarchy.Full
admissions - Assisted in subsequent controlled delivery - Long standing drug
addiction - Poor health - Suicide attempt - Depression
Ceissman(20)(2001) 119 A Crim R 535
Crown AA4y 6mNPP 2y 9m
Received drugs inside teddy bear posted overseas. Paid $50 to receive and
hold on to packages until collection and remit money to US. Not isolated
offence.Deprived background - remorse - depressive illness - health problems
resulting from accident - responsible for younger brother
Travelled overseas and upon return took delivery of parcel containing Bible
with cocaine inside. Lesser degree of responsibility than co-offenders but
greater than mere courier. Used false documentation when sending
parcel.Psychological and physical ill health - South African -
rehabilitation - offences committed for financial gain.
Klein(2001) 121 A Crim R 90
3y 9mNPP 2y 6m
Female - When apprehended at airport admitted carrying drugs - Believed she
was carrying marijuana - Courier - Motivated by debtOffered assistance to
police - contrite - separated from family in South Africa
Chanthaboury(2001) 121 A Crim R
PG (after hung jury)
7y 6mNPP 4y 6m
Cocaine found in lining of suitcase - aware of drugs but not how they got
there - to received $12,000.Involved in controlled delivery - bare or mere
courier but greater role than co-offender.Assistance.
ChappleNSW CCA 11.5.2001
Knowingly concerned in importAttempt obtain possession of cocaine
appalling record - 3 major drug offences
5yNPP 3y 6mFT 12m (concurrent)
AA4yNPP 2y 6m
Opened post office boxes and received drugs through mail - Principal on own
behalf - Most of drug for own use.Tragic life as a result of drug addiction.
Quesada(37)(2001) 122 A Crim R 218
first custodial sentence
Female - Picked up backpack containing drugs from female who had brought it
in on overseas flight - Precise nature of involvement not known.Colombian -
Single mother with 2 children.
Hendricks(24)(2001) 125 A Crim R 303
6y 6mNPP 4y 3m
Arrived having swallowed drugs - courier with low level trafficable
quantity.Financial gain only - South African - signs of depression -
Boulghourgian(26)(2001) 125 A Crim R 540
Cocaine concealed in a car radio cassette player sent from the United States
in a parcel intercepted by customs. Police substituted for the drug an inert
substance. Appellant entered FedEx office, signed for the parcel under a false
name and left in his car. The car was intercepted by police.Lack of remorse.
Significant role (principal). Sophisticated scheme. Potential considerable
profit.Note: Although there was error detected in the reasoning process of
TJ, in that it was based on the guideline judgment of R v Wong & Leung (now
overturned by High Court), having regard to all subjective matters and objective
criminality, there was no error in the sentence imposed.
Hamzy(19)(2001) 127 A Crim R 70
2 x knowingly concerned importation
772.6g (pure)713.69g (pure)
9yNPP 5y 6m
Crown AA13y 6mNPP 8y
Initiator and director of 2 importations while in US - On bail for supply
offences. Absconded. Voluntarily returned to Australia to face charges.
Cocaine found in suitcase. Courier - lesser role than co-offender. Parity.
GallegoNSW CCA 17.12.2002
8y 6mNPP 5y 6m
Imported drugs in golf bag - Assume no higher than courierSpanish
VasquezNSW CCA 14.3.2003
Drugs mailed in suitcase intercepted by police – Controlled delivery –
Significant role in organising, collecting, unpacking and attempted acquisition
Karipidis(21)NSW CCA 25.6.2003
8yNPP 4y 10m
AA7y 10mNPP 4y 10m
Involved in joint enterprise to import drugs from Uruguay – 2 packages picked
up and delivered to K – Second package contained 175g (pure) - greater
involvement than courierAppeal allowed to take into account Pre sentence
custody on head sentence
Not stated – see co-offender
Parcel of drugs posted by co-offender in Germany to co-offender –
PrincipalsMotivated by greed
7y 6mNPP 5y
Imported drugs internally from America – Well above couriers
Gutierrez(36)NSW CCA 24.2.2004
Knowingly concerned importMoney launderingConspire to import
Imprisoned in Germany for similar offence – these offences committed 10m
Laundering:4yTotal:13y 6mNPP 8y
Cocaine imported in wine carried by co-offender – involved in attempting to
separate drugs from wine – some cocaine sold and money used to finance second
planned importation – representative of principals in schemeSought to
launder $96,000 by sending travellers cheques to co-offenders in USA
Import heroinImport cocaine
306.8g pure cocaine54g pure heroin
7yNPP 4y 2m
Accepted money to import powder from South Africa in shoes and on sanitary
pad – didn’t know what powder was – full admissions and early pleaSexually
abused as child – daily use of heroin since 2000 – 5y daughter, in care of
ex-husband – anxiety and depression – remorse
PPNSW CCA 14.6.2005
AA5y 7mNPP 3y 4m
Concealed 35 tablets in rectum – Courier – Some coercionAustralian – Wife
and child overseas – Some assistance - Parity
Paliwala(28)NSW CCA 9.6.2005
Male student travelled to US to obtain cocaine – drugs brought into Australia
internally and in backpack – courier to receive $20,000Prior good character
– suffering depression and financial difficulties
KingNSW CCA 11.4.2006
7yNPP 4y 4m
AA6y 6mNPP 4y
Part of importation scheme with four co offenders – imported drugs internally
– courier.Offences committed due to financial difficulties.Parity –
imported less drugs than co offenders.
KorgbaraNSW CCA 30.3.2007
9yNPP 5y 5m
Controlled delivery made to mailbox leased to applicant – not low in
hierarchyDifferent cultural background – raped in custody – sever psychotic
reaction - delay
Jules(31)NSW CCA 10.8.2007
520.1g (76% pure)
Part of importation scheme with four co offenders – imported drugs internally
(100 pellets) – courier.Offences committed due to financial
difficulties.Parity. Foreign national.See King  NSWCCA 110; PP
 NSWCCA 214 (above)
Conspiracy to import
Previous drug conviction for same offence – breached parole.
14yNPP 8y 9m
NB: Previous drug conviction for same offence; accordingly s 235(1)(c)
increased the maximum period of imprisonment for the current offence from 25
years to life.Principal in 12month conspiracy – co-conspirators described as
“errand boys” – street value of $240k.
Starmer(37)NSW CCA 15.2.2008
Arranged with sister to send cocaine in cards from Great Britain – personal
use and sold some to friends
Petrosyan(28)NSW CCA  17.4.2009NN (31)
AP(28)NSW CCA 17.4.2009
PossessAid and abet importation
Aid and abet importation
8y 4mNPP 5y 3m7y 9mNPP 4y 10m8y 4mNPP 5y 3m7y
9mNPP 4y 10m
AA6y 6mNPP 4y6yNPP 3y 8mAA6y 6mNPP
4y6yNPP 3y 8m
Cocaine imported in brake drum – N to take delivery of imported package – low
in hierarchy – P ennobled in facilitating delivery of package40% discount
for guilty plea and assistance – married with children – Armenian – reasonable
prospects of rehabilitation Cocaine imported in brake drum – N to take delivery of
imported package – low in hierarchy – P ennobled in facilitating delivery of
package40% discount for guilty plea and assistance – married with children –
Armenian – reasonable prospects of rehabilitation
Chong(26)NSWDC Williams DCJ17.12.2009
Drug offences in America
6yNPP 3y 6m
American female – carried drugs into Australia sewn into bra and underwear –
agreed to bring out drugs for ex-boyfriend – under influence of drug use – did
not fully understand what she was doing – ‘not the usual type of
courier’Drug user – some prospects of rehabilitation
De La RosaNSW CCA 17.9.2010
Role of courier – delivered drugs.[CCA reviews number of sentence cases].
BrinkNSW CCA 22.9.2010
Import(cocaine and heroin)
210.5g cocaine281.9g heroin.
Brought in drugs concealed in picture frames from South Africa – suspicious
that frames contained drugsAmputated leg
NSW CCA 
6y NPP 9y 3m
NPP 4y 9m
Female - Cocaine imported in oil filters – employee of Qantas
Distribution Centre – assisted in arranging flights overseas for co-offender,
monitoring arrival of packages and passing on information – was intended
recipient of package to pass on to co-offender – ‘strategically placed
facilitator intended to be the receiver and meant to be the deliverer of the
importation’ – breach of trust
Loss of career
NSW CCA 
Travelled overseas to make arrangements for the
dispatch of drugs – cocaine imported in oil filters - given $10k cash to pay
cooffender – although other persons were higher in organisation, A was a
“trusted lieutenant” and an extremely active participant.
NSW CCA 
400g (352.1g pure)
Lengthy. Drugs, stealing,
8y 6m NPP 5y 6m
Full facts not provided. Not a
mere courier - involvement included booking his travel and his
Driver for airline catering company became
involved in conspiracy to import – co-offender retrieved cocaine hidden in
rubbish receptacle in toilet by passenger
NPP 2y 6m
Female - Travelled from Malaysia having swallowed 66 pellets containing
drugs – pregnant at the time.
District Court Cases
RobillardNSWDC Berman SC DCJ11.5.2007
Canadian – imported cocaine strapped to leg – not a principalGood
prospects of rehabilitation
ToureNSWDC Berman SC DCJ5.12.2008
Female – French - Courier – drugs secreted on body – committed for financial
reward - Sick daughter