This table is intended to be used as a guide only. Individual cases should be read if they are to be relied upon.
Wood J 29.11.1990
6 x murder
Rob with wounding
Wound W/I to do GBH
steal, indecent assault, AOABH
"Granny killer" - attacks on elderly women
Newman J 16.10.1992
prior murder x 2
assaulted and drowned in blood
Lured female through radio ad for relationship. Similar offence committed previously
NSW CCA 4.11.1994
Brutal stabbing of estranged wife.
Psychiatric history. Diminished responsibility rejected.
NSW CCA 23.5.1994
Abducted, sexually assaulted and drowned 9y female.
NSW CCA 20.9.1995
6 x Murder Attempt murder
Murdered 6 people after breakdown of relationship with one of victims.
(1993) 68 A Crim R 536
Hunt CJ at CL
Died in custody
rape, psychiatric history "dangerous"
intent to kill
Sexual assault of 2y boy and placed him in river. Diminished defence rejected.
Hunt CJ at CL 12.5.1994
3 x Murder
Shot and pushed over cliff
3 men shot, siege followed.
S shot one man and aided and abetted killing by co-offenders.
2 x Murder
violence, sexual offences
suffocated / stabbed
Suffocated wife. Stabbed new female partner 12 weeks later. Second V found in suitcase by police at A's premises during search regarding death of As wife.
7 x Murder
Detain for advant
priors of violence
2 x shot
3 x stabbed
2 x strangled
"Backpacker murders". Dec 1989 - April 1992. Savage attacks, with degree of sexual assault.
(1997) 95 A Crim R 522
 NSWCCA 66
Sexual assault & killing of nurse with machete at Walgett. V surprised A as they were stealing her car. Aboriginals.
bow & arrow
Shot V with bow & arrow after alleged homosexual advance. Cut up body and threw in river. Second murder of taxi driver by stabbing.
(2000) 115 A Crim R 465
very bad, including robbery and armed robbery with wound
Contracted with V's wife to do murder.
 NSWCCA 202
lengthy, including murder
Drove V to Botany Bay, shot and buried him. Took large amount of money from V. Evidence that V was threatening A corrupt relationship with police. Premeditated and planned killing.
 NSWCCA 36
body never found
Killed prostitute and dismembered body, burying her in outback New South Wales.
 NSWCCA 327
5 x Murder
Intent to kill
5 gangland / contract murders. Facts not stated.
(2000) 111 A Crim R 415
(2000) 121 A Crim R 342
3 x murder
1 x AR
Strangled male suffering effects of stroke in own home. Later strangled intellectually disabled woman he befriended in her home. Finally strangled male neighbour and disposed of body in country. Second and third killings motivated by desire to kill.
 NSWCCA 448
2 x murder
shooting and stabbing
Participated in joint criminal enterprise with Rose in killing of de facto and her business employee - victims killed by Rose inside business premises - premises set on fire - contract killing.
 NSWSC 1220
 NSWCCA 50
assault / strangled
Bashed to death 59y male in own home then mutilated body. Random killing. Two weeks later bashed and strangled 68y male in own home and mutilated body. Nothing to mitigate killing.
Physically and verbally abused by father throughout childhood - mother left home when offender aged 3.
 NSWSC 959
Greg James J
(2005) 157 A Crim R 238
Mal wounding with intent
Became involved in minor altercation outside hotel - stepped out of car and shot three men - no provocation - comments immediately following shooting demonstrated no remorse and continued dangerousness. Heinous nature of offence demonstrating callous and ruthless attitude to human life and level of dangerousness of offender.
No explanation in background of offender for brutal behaviour - no prospects of rehabilitation
 NSWSC 1011
(2006) 164 A Crim R 126
Pre-meditated murder of de facto husband - stabbed victim at least 37 times inside home - mutilated body - gruesome nature of offence placed it in most serious category.
History of violence - offender enjoyed horrific mutilation - suffering incurable borderline personality disorder - no prospects of rehabilitation - continuing dangerousness to society.
(2001) 125 A Crim R 495
(2003) 57 NSWLR 55
 NSWCCA 142
Arranged for the shooting murder of politician - gunned down outside house - motivated by political ambition - several prior attempts made - long period of planning
Vietnamese - evidence of good community work as Deputy Mayor and honourary president of Mekong Club - model prisoner - on protection
 NSWSC 84
 NSWCCA 276
Serving jail sentence for murder of girlfriend in 1990 when 18 years of age. Escaped from prison to be with a new girlfriend. Found her with another male. Stabbed her in presence of her children.
Had been model prisoner.
 NSWSC 774
Wood CJ at CL
 NSWCCA 109
Leave to appeal refused
Serving life sentence for 2 murders - breached bond
Killing of notorious and vicious principal in extensive criminal organisation involved in drugs and protection by associates – Motive was to improve offender's own criminal activities - Use of firearms an aggravating circumstance
Principal - Hardened criminal
 NSWSC 751
 NSWCCA 3
assault with block
Carefully planed execution of fellow prisoner in prison - Sandstone block dropped on head of victim several times- Extensive and horrendous injuries - 3 offenders involved although cannot identify precise role of each - No evidence as to motive
Deprived and cruel childhood
 NSWSC 749
murder - poor prison record - continued violence
Anti-social personality traits
 NSWSC 1159
(2004) 146 A Crim R 309
Father killed his 3 children aged 11w, 11m and 6y on custody visit - No explanation for killing - Incomprehensible action - no evidence of mental disorder
Insufficient weight given to A's depressive state – Sentence patterns show life not imposed in cases of parents murdering children.
 NSWSC 1257
(2004) 151 A Crim R 426
serious record for violence - shooting murder of estranged wife
intent to cause GBH
Stabbed de facto wife during argument - Disposed of body in country - Volatile and violent relationship - Element of provocation
Protective custody - Health problems - Disturbed and violent childhood - Personality disorder making him dangerous in domestic situations involving extreme stress
 NSWSC 822
(2007) 178 A Crim R 232
Stabbing - striking and strangling one victim
Stabbed father, mother and 18y sister in their home - made it look like racially motivated attack – premeditated – tried to poison mother 10 days before murder
False alibi – no mitigation of objective seriousness of offence – no contrition – risk of dangerousness
 NSWSC 1228
 NSWCCA 360
2 x s.61JA
8 x s.97(2)
2 x s.97(1)
Sp agg kidnapping
Agg car jacking
Att obtain $ by deception
3 x LMV
9 similar offences
(partially cumulative to existing sentence)
Lengthy and disturbing – almost continuous custody since 11 years old – recently sentenced to 40y NPP 30y for brutal home invasion and sexual assault on 16y female occupant
Murder involved attempt robbery of male proprietor of pharmacy – struggled with victim in car, took out loaded gun to threaten and gun discharged
Other offences committed over 3 months – stole care with female occupant using knife and gun – sexually assaulted complainant twice – robberies of various retail premises using guns and knives – co-offenders
Drug abuse – some remorse - finding of dangerousness – psychological profile suggests no hope of rehabilitation.
On appeal found SJ erroneously used other offences to justify life sentence.
 NSWSC 101
G. James J
Killed 11y daughter of cousin – Planned to kill so would be forced to commit suicide – Smothered V in own home – Took body to bushland and grossly mutilated body before genuine attempt at suicide – carefully planned
Suffering severe depression, pervasive and intrusive violent thoughts and obsessive compulsive disorder - dangerousness
 NSWCCA 4
3 x Att murder
Shooting / Stabbing / Strangulation
Entered home of victims to collect debt – Tied up adults – shot male victim – shot, stabbed and strangled female victim – Shot child in head twice – Set fire to house to kill three children – attempt to avoid detection – Overall culpability justifies life sentence
 NSWSC 519
(2006) 167 A Crim R 295
Shooting / Assault
Offence committed on 1.2.2003
Threatened and detained male friend over several hours with intent to rob – Subsequently shot dead friend's son and daughter - tortured and bashed to death friend's wife - careful planning
Some degree of mental illness although not mitigating criminality
 NSWSC 652
(2006) 164 A Crim R 252
4 x Agg sexual ass
Intent to inflict GBH
Offences committed after 1.2.2003
Broke into house of male acquaintance and killed sleeping V – Earlier argument over money - Sexually abused V's 10y step-daughter 3 times (oral/vaginal/anal) and abducted her 'as payback' – Sexually abused her a few days earlier
'Unfortunate upbringing' – irresistible impulses for young girls – risk to community –gambling problem – escaped from custody though at large for only one day
 NSWSC 581
 NSWCCA 65
(2009) 196 A Crim R 199
Detain for advantage
Carefully planned kidnapping of female friend for ransom – body never recovered
High Court Appeal:  238 CLR 218 successful (CCA wrongfully reopened appeal after orders formally recorded)
Remitted to CCA
 NSWSC 1167
 NSWCCA 62
Mal discharge firearm W/I
Shoot W/I to murder
2 x Life
Relatively minor – breached bond
Relatively minor – Breached bond
SNPP 20 years
Ongoing dispute between two families originally over drug business – ongoing violence
June 2001 – D entered bedroom with co-offender - fired five shots at male – intent to kneecap not kill – serious injuries
July 2003 – D and co-offender fired 55 round from SKS semi-automatic rifles at house after luring out occupants – no one injured
Aug 2003 – D, E and A fired at second house using SKS rifles and pistols – O driver – sleeping female and male killed
El-Zeyat and Aouad
Sentenced for third murder – conviction appeal allowed  NSWCCA 61 – new trial not proceed with
 NSWSC 274
 NSWCCA 86
Offence committed after 1.2.2003
Tied up and strangled retired couple in their own home – trusted handyman – Stole money from bank accounts – financial difficulties – well planned offence
 NSWSC 684
 NSWCCA 207
AD (in relation to murder sentence)
Priors – no violence – drug offence – breached bonds
Joint criminal enterprise to inflict GBH
Arranged and paid $10,000 for attack on male victim – intended to flush from hiding victim's brother in law who owed over $500,000 – hydrochloric acid poured over victim's face – wife and victim threatened with gun, victim's skull fractured by blow to head with gun - died three weeks later - intended to cause grievous bodily harm only – one of the principals
Indonesian – prospects of rehabilitation
 NSWSC 764
Assault, stabbing and drowning
SNPP 25 years applied
Grandfather hit wife with hammer and stabbed her to death – drowned 5y granddaughter in bath – assaulted 7y grandson with hammer then drowned in bath – bodies placed in bed – killed dog – children in care of grandparents while mother at work – lied to school about children being ill – assaulted daughter with axe when she returned to house – brain and skull injuries – planning and premeditation – no explanation for killings – murder of children worst case – murder of wife mid-range – assault on daughter well above mid range
No mental illness
 NSWSC 814
Murder of wife
Murder of Stepdaughter
Assault on first wife – strangling and threat to kill
Strangled wife during argument – verbal threats and physical assaults made previously – killing observed by 9y stepdaughter - killed step daughter to prevent her reporting killing to police – method of killing unclear – threw bodies over cliff in Blue Mountains – discovered by bushwalkers 4 weeks later – lied to police – had son assist in deception - killed wife for financial reasons
No evidence of remorse or rehabilitation
SW (No 3)
 NSWSC 1043
 NSWCCA 103
Mother of 7y daughter who died as a result of starvation and neglect – Daughter suffered developmental delay and autism – Left in bedroom in unhygienic conditions.
Worst case – drug use.
Father [BW] sentenced for manslaughter.
(42 at offence)
 NSWSC 119
RS Hulme J
Lengthy – serving life sentences for subsequent murders in Victoria
1995 Shot female prostitute in head after having sexual intercourse in remote area – no sign of struggle – demonstrates inhumanity and cold bloodedness – no normal or rational motive - an exercise of power or for some thrill or satisfaction
Debs  VSC 30 – two police officers in 1998
Debs  VSC 220 /  VSCA 240 – prostitute in similar circumstances in 1997
 NSWSC 208
 NSWCCA 154
Developed animosity towards victim when working under her supervision as a nurse in hospital – later believed unable to obtain further work because victim did not provide helpful references – meticulously planned and practiced murder – turned off electricity and waited until victim returned home – grabbed v from behind, slashed throat and stabbed in chest – cruel, sustained and brutal attack – left victim for dead – took steps to dispose of evidence
US marine – concerned would be forced to leave country if could not obtain further work – further feared would be forced to return to America to pay child maintenance – history of traumatic brain injury had no causal connection to offence
 NSWSC 759
Shoot w/i murder
Agg indecent assault
14 x BE
Murder V2: Life
Murder V1: 28y
Offensive language, high-range PCA.
V1: Murdered V1 (female) after V1 raised allegation that A had sexually interfered with XY – A strangled V1 then dismembered and buried V's body.
V2: Strangled V2 (female) – sexual intercourse with V2's body – had been sexually attracted to V2.
A was on the run from police for 7 years and committed a number of break and enters during this time for his survival.
Long standing low-grade depression and severe personality disorder – poor rehabilitation prospects.
 NSWSC 1027
 NSWCCA 307
11 x Murder
8 x Reck GBH
8y NPP 6y
Lit two fires in aged care nursing home where A worked as nurse – A had been stealing painkiller medication to feed his long-term drug addiction – an internal investigation revealed the medication was being stolen – A lit fires with intention of covering his theft – while fire was burning A retrieved drug log books and destroyed them – fires caused death and injuries to number of elderly victims.
Worst case category.
Personality disorder – poly substance abuse disorder.
JACOBS (No. 9)
 NSWSC 1470
Lengthy. Driving, multiple AR.
SNPP 25 years
Shot police officer – V had followed A in police vehicle as V suspected A was driving whilst disqualified – V and A stopped and had conversation – A shot V to chest at close range (3 metres) – intent to kill – motive unable to be determined.
Drug abuse – learning difficulties as child.
 NSWSC 1725
RA Hulme J
Manslaughter, assault, mal wound
Supply drugs, possess firearm
Assault, driving, supply drugs
Lengthy. Robbery, shoot w/I murder, violence, BES
Joint criminal enterprise
Joint criminal enterprise - contract killing of victim S – belief V was giving information to police – K contracted by P to shoot V – K shot V at close range.
P: Person to whom K reported and looked for payment - gave instructions where gun to be obtained, was conduit through whom V's whereabouts were communicated - most active participant in successful phone calls- ringleader or at least the organiser of V's murder – drug abuse – depression.
H: Provided gun and acted as a lookout – supportive family - gambling
B: party to joint criminal enterprise to murder V - informing P of V's whereabouts was pursuant to an agreement to kill V - motivation for involvement in killing was belief that V was talking to police - prospects of rehabilitation are remote – drug abuse
K: Contracted by P to kill V for payment by P – instructed to obtain gun from H – shot V - Difficult upbringing – drug abuse